Gynaecological Oncology


At Anvesh Cancer Care Hospital, our dedicated Department of Gynecological Oncology focuses on addressing cancers affecting the female reproductive system. Our team comprises expert gynecologic oncologists who are specialized in diagnosing, staging, and treating these complex conditions.

We prioritize a comprehensive approach to cancer care, integrating prevention, early detection, diagnosis, and management. With the support of a multidisciplinary tumor board, we ensure that each patient receives personalized and holistic care.

Our healthcare professionals, including oncologists, specialists, and nurses, are dedicated to meeting both the medical and emotional needs of our patients. We are committed to advancing women’s healthcare through a combination of safe, high-quality, and compassionate care, supported by ongoing research and innovation.

At Anvesh Cancer Care Hospital, we offer a wide range of services using state-of-the-art technologies, including:

  • Screening and diagnostic procedures such as colposcopy, pap smear, and HPV testing
  • Advanced treatments including loop electro-surgical procedures for cervical precancer and fertility-sparing options for select cancers
  • Surgical interventions including radical and ultra-radical surgeries tailored to the specific type of cancer
  • Robotic-assisted surgeries for enhanced precision and minimally invasive procedures
  • Specialized treatment techniques like HIPEC (Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy) and PIPEC (Pressurized Intraperitoneal Aerosol Chemotherapy)

Our team is committed to providing exceptional care and support to every patient on their journey towards recovery.

Gynaecological Oncology Symptoms

Gynecological cancers may exhibit symptoms in their early stages, although they can often be overlooked as they resemble common conditions. Early diagnosis is crucial for effective treatment, so it’s essential to promptly discuss any unusual symptoms with your doctor. Common symptoms include:

  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding or discharge
  • Pelvic pain or pressure
  • Back pain
  • Bloating in the lower abdomen
  • Unusual or severe lower abdominal pain or cramping
  • Changes in urination or bowel habits
  • Infertility
  • Itching, burning, or changes in skin color in the vulva
  • Abnormal lumps or bumps in the vulva
  • Pain during sexual intercourse


Gynecologic cancers occur when cells lining reproductive organs undergo abnormal changes, leading to uncontrolled multiplication and spread. While research is ongoing, the exact causes of cancer remain unclear. However, factors such as genetics, exposure to certain STIs like HPV, smoking, and environmental factors may increase the risk of gynecological cancers.

Gynecological cancers encompass various types affecting different parts of the female reproductive system:

  • Cervical cancer
  • Gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD)
  • Ovarian, fallopian tube, and peritoneal cancer
  • Uterine cancer
  • Vaginal cancer
  • Vulvar cancer

Risk Factors

Risk factors for gynecological cancers vary, with age being a significant factor. Hormone levels, especially excess estrogen exposure, can influence cancer development. A family history of cancer, particularly ovarian and uterine cancers, may increase the risk. Other lifestyle and environmental factors such as smoking, alcohol consumption, radiation exposure, exposure to toxins, and obesity can also elevate the risk.


Regular appointments with your OBGYN or gynecology specialist are crucial for early detection. Additional preventive measures include:

  • Getting the HPV vaccine as recommended
  • Practicing safer sexual habits
  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Avoiding smoking
  • Consulting with your doctor about hormone therapy options
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